What is smoking of drum?

What is smoking of drum? Kymograph, consisting of a revolving drum, bearing a record sheet (usually of smoked paper) on which a stylus moved up and down displaying the effects of the drugs on contractile tissues, was commonly used in experimental physiology and pharmacology laboratories in teaching institutions.

What is the use of kymograph paper? Kymograph is generally used to study the effects of xenobiotics on tissue preparations. It is a standalone recording apparatus used alongside other apparatus such as organ bath. Writing levers are used to trace the recording from muscle contractions.

What is meant by kymograph? Kymograph. (Science: physiology) An instrument for measuring, and recording graphically, the pressure of the blood in any of the blood vessels of a living animal.

What is the composition of fixing solution used for kymograph paper? This was carried out by carefully separating the smoked paper from the drum carrying the smoked paper in both hands and passing slowly moving the paper in a puddle of fixing solution consisting of alcoholic solution of shellac, colophony resin or other varnishing solution.

What is smoking of drum? – Related Questions

What is the use of Sherrington rotating drum?

Microteknik. This is an electrically driven recording drum or kymograph suitable for use by students for lab. Experiments. These kymographs are also used to measure atmospheric pressure, tuning fork vibrations and functioning of steam engines.

Who invented the first kymograph?

Carl Ludwig designed the kymograph, or wave writer, in 1847 (Figure 1). Its initial purpose was to improve Poiseuille’s manometer, which Ludwig used for the registration of blood pressure in experimental animals [11].

How many types of kymograph paper are there?

Five types of kymograph recorders or magnetic markers have been used.

What is kymograph in polygraph?

The kymograph was used as early as the 19th century for the simultaneous record- ing of data coming from the pneumograph and sphygmograph. The device thus constructed was known as a “polygraph”, i.e. a device for recording more than one function (Greek: poloi – multiple, graphos – to write).

What is kymograph in pharmacology?

Kymograph, consisting of a revolving drum, bearing a record sheet (usually of smoked paper) on which a stylus moved up and down displaying the effects of the drugs on contractile tissues, was commonly used in experimental physiology and pharmacology laboratories in teaching institutions.

What is a kymograph cell biology?

A kymograph is the two-dimensional representation of position versus time, taken directly from imaging data (Fig. 8.3B and D). In a kymograph, individual mitochondria appear as lines, and their average velocity is the slope of the line (De Vos & Sheetz, 2007; Miller & Sheetz, 2004).

What is the composition of fixing solution?

Fixation is commonly achieved by treating the film or paper with a solution of thiosulfate salt. Popular salts are sodium thiosulfate—commonly called hypo—and ammonium thiosulfate—commonly used in modern rapid fixer formulae.

Which of the following instrument is used in experimental pharmacology?

SPECTROPHOTOMETER • A spectrophotometer is employed to measure the amount of light that a sample absorbs. It is usually employed in experimental pharmacology where the estimations are being done.

What is the unit of Sherrington rotating drum machine?

Carewell Sherrington Rotating Drum, Rs 5850 /unit Carewell Instrument | ID: 4211019648.

Which paper is used for recording activity of recording drum?

A wax paper in place of smoked paper was suggested for use by Gerbrands and Volkmann. [2] One could use a simple glazed paper without smoking, but the ink writing pen device would be required for obtaining tracings.

Which lever is used for recording the contraction of heart?

Starling’s heart lever: It consists of a frame carrying a light lever arm with holes and notches supported by a fine adjustable spring attached to an adjustable hook. It is used to record the contractions of the heart.

What is the speed requirement for Sherringtons recording device?

Sherrington Recording Drum (Non-Digital Display)

Maintenance free: Microprocessor based system and no complicated gear system. Most suitable for under-graduate students. Highly accurate speeds-0.12, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 2.50 mm/sec.

How the capacity of organ tube is measured?

The tissue reacts by contracting/relaxing and an isometric or isotonic transducer is used to measure force or displacement, respectively. From the experimental results dose-response curves are generated (tissue response against drug dosage or stimulus potency).

What are the four phases of polygraph examination?

A polygraph examination may contain four (4) phases known as the Pre-test phase, Testing phase, Chart analysis phase and Post-test phase, any one of which constitutes a polygraph examination.

What is cardiograph component?

cardiograph – a medical instrument that measures the mechanical force of cardiac contractions and the amount of blood passing through the heart during a specified period by measuring the recoil of the body as blood is pumped from the ventricles.

What is Galvanograph component?

• Galvanograph- a component part of a polygraph machine that is used to record the. subjects skin resistance to a small amount of electricity. It is made up of electrodes attached to the finger of the left hand, or to the index and ring finger of the left hand or to the palmar or dorsal surface of the left hand.

What liquid is used to develop photos?

The developer

Common chemicals used as developing agents are hydroquinone, phenidone, and dimezone. The developing mix must have high acidity, so chemicals such as sodium carbonate or sodium hydroxide are often added to the mix.

What is a fixer in crime?

A fixer is a person who carries out assignments for another party or is skillful at solving problems for others. A fixer who disposes of bodies or “cleans up” physical evidence of crime is often more specifically called a cleaner.

Who is the father of pharmacology?

Jonathan Pereira (1804-1853), the father of pharmacology.

What’s the meaning of pharmacology?

Pharmacology: The study of drugs, their sources, their nature, and their properties. Pharmacology is the study of the body’s reaction to drugs.

What is scope of pharmacology?

These subdivisions include: Pharmacodynamics, the effects and mechanisms of actions of drugs on physiological processes. Pharmacotherapeutics and clinical pharmacology, the use of drugs in the treatment of diseases. Biochemical pharmacology, the actions of drugs on biochemical processes in the cell.