What is Ooligan grease?

What is Ooligan grease? The most prominent source of food fat used by British Columbia native people has been from the ooligan (Thaleichthys pacificus Richardson, Osmeridae) a small fish which is harvested in bulk in early spring, allowed to ripen in large bins, and then rendered to give a pungent, golden, thick oil called “ooUgan grease”.

What is Oolichan grease used for? Rendered oolichan grease became a key item for trade with people who had no access to spawning rivers. It had outstanding keeping qualities, was an excellent source of food energy and also had a reputation as a healing aid.

How do you make Oolichan grease? Eulachon grease is made by putting the fish in what’s called a stink box, where the blood drains into cedar boughs laid on the bottom. The eulachon ferment for several days until their eyes turn red before they’re moved to another box for cooking at a precise temperature that releases the grease.

Is there a fish called hooligan? Called hooligan or candlefish by Alaskans, but referred to as eulachon by biologists, Thaleichthys pacificus is an anadromous smelt. Southeast Alaska spawning populations spend most of their life feeding and growing in cold North Pacific waters before migrating to rivers during spring to reproduce.

What is Ooligan grease? – Related Questions

Does Ooligan grease go bad?

Everyone maintains that grease which is properly cooked and bottled will keep for several years at room temperature. Those who store it frozen say they do so to keep the flavor from getting “strong.”

Where are smelt caught?

Smelts are a family of small fish, the Osmeridae, found in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans, as well as rivers, streams and lakes in Europe, North America and Northeast Asia.

Why is the eulachon Fish disappearing?

Theories to explain the decline ranged from overfishing to climate change to the industrialization of river corridors. Since eulachon had never been an important species to commercial fisheries, little research was done to determine the cause. Now, more than two decades later, many eulachon runs live on only in memory.

Who traditionally harvested eulachon?

The Haisla caught them in the rivers of Kitimat, Kildala, Kemano and Kitlope; and the Native Americans of Southeast Alaska caught them in the Chilkat, Stikine and Nass Rivers [13, 29]. The Kitimat Haisla camped in a fishing village located near the Kitimat River mouth in March and April to catch eulachon [63].

What are hooligan fish used for?

Hooligan are of interest to subsistence fishermen, who net them out of rivers in the spring. The fish are eaten dried, smoked, canned or pan-fried. In years past, they earned the name “candlefish”, because when dried, the oil content of the fish was sufficient to allow it to burn like a candle.

Are smelts and hooligans the same?

Eulachon, Actually

The real name for these little critters is eulachon. They have lots of other common names in in the Northwest – in our part of Alaska we call them hooligan, or even ‘hoolies’. They’re a type of smelt, and their numbers vary quite a bit from year to year.

Is smelt a healthy fish?

These small, silvery-green fish, also known as rainbow smelt, are similar in appearance to sardines and anchovies. Smelt are not only loaded with healthy nutrients, but also are low in mercury. You can enjoy the plentiful health benefits of smelt by serving them baked, broiled or lightly fried.

How do you eat hooligan fish?

My favorite way to eat hooligan is to pan fry them after dipping them in cornmeal with salt and pepper. Frying tightens up the meat, after which you can pull the bones right out of the fish (or eat them–they are small and soft after cooking).

Is it okay to use old grease?

If the fat smells rancid or not quite as it used to, it’s probably rancid. While in most cases rancid fat is harmless, it doesn’t taste good. And that means the food you make with it will taste bad too. Because of that, it’s best to discard it.

Does grease go bad with age?

Normal Shelf Life: In general, the recommended shelf life for oils and greases is typically five years when stored properly in the original sealed containers. Industrial and automotive oils may show deterioration by one or more of the following: • Cloudy appearance or strong odor.

How long can grease last?

You can use grease for up to six months when stored at room temperature, but it will be edible for additional few months if you put it in the fridge.

What time of year do smelt run?

From Waukegan down to Calumet fishermen set up nets hoping to tap into smelting at its best, the magic moment when the spawning run begins. On nights between April 1 and May 15 the lakefront is dotted with the lanterns of smelt- loving fishermen, but for only a short time do smelt run heavy.

Are there still smelt in Lake Michigan?

Lake Michigan

The Lake Michgian smelt run is typically between late March and the end of April. Smelt in Lake Michigan have declined dramatically since their peak in the mid-1980’s. A half-full pail has been considered a very good catch in recent years. Last year, the catch was spotty, varying from evening to evening.

Do you need to clean smelt before frying?

Do you need to clean smelt before frying? According to retired DEC officer and Argyle Supervisor Bob Henke, how you cook smelt depends on how you clean them. If you clean them, take the heads off and gut them, you can just bread them and fry them. Other people, just wash them off and eat them whole after frying them.

Where does herring come from?

Geographical distribution. The herring is found on both sides of the north Atlantic. In the north east Atlantic it occurs from the Bay of Biscay in the south to Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemlya in the north, while in the north west Atlantic it occurs from the coast of Maine northwards.

What does a capelin eat?

The capelin or caplin, Mallotus villosus, is a small forage fish of the smelt family found in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans. In summer, it grazes on dense swarms of plankton at the edge of the ice shelf. Larger capelin also eat a great deal of krill and other crustaceans.

What does smelt taste like?

Smelt has a oily, mild taste and a soft texture. The 6-10 inch fish has an odor and flavor like freshly cut cucumber. Freshwater Smelt are considered less oily than saltwater Smelt. Smelt are usually eaten whole- including head, bones, and all.

What type of fish is smelt?

Smelt, any of certain silvery, chiefly marine food fishes, family Osmeridae, closely related to salmon and trout and found in cold northern waters. Smelts, like trout, have a small, adipose (fleshy) fin. They are slender carnivores and spawn short distances upstream, in the surf or in ponds.

Where can I catch hooligans in Alaska?

Hooligan are found in many places in Alaska, including several rivers in upper Lynn Canal near Haines, several rivers in upper Cook Inlet, the lower end of the Copper River, the Situk River, the Alsek River, the Stikine, and the Mendenhall River, along with many rivers along the Canadian coast.

Do hooligan fish taste good?

Hooligan is a tasty little fish with a mild flavor and extremely high oil content. Hooligan, also known as Smelt, is the “Sardine of Alaska.” NEW THIS YEAR: Every little hooligan will be headed and gutted, frozen and vacuum packed.

Can you eat hooligans?

Some people catch hooligan by the bucketful; others, like Catron and Todd, call it quits when they have enough to fill a frying pan or two. “I fry them up in oil till they’re crispy,” group member Tasha Nelson said. “You can eat the crunchy ones like dried jerkies.