What are parameters in Oracle? In general, parameter is a placeholder for a variable that contains some value of some type when executing a general-purpose query, or arguments and return values when a stored procedure is executed. Parameter is represented by Oracle.
What is a parameter in database? Parameters are used to exchange data between stored procedures and functions and the application or tool that called the stored procedure or function: Output parameters allow the stored procedure to pass a data value or a cursor variable back to the caller. User-defined functions cannot specify output parameters.
What are the parameters in Oracle init file? Initialization Parameter Files. An initialization parameter file is a text file that contains a list of initialization parameters. The file should be written in the client’s default character set.
What is user parameters in Oracle Reports? Oracle Reports Builder automatically creates a user parameter when you use a bind parameter reference in a query. To create a user parameter: In the Object Navigator, expand the Data Model node, then click the User Parameters node. Click the Create button in the toolbar.
What are parameters in Oracle? – Related Questions
What is a parameter query?
A parameter query is one of the simplest and most useful advanced queries you can create. It allows you to create a query that can be updated easily to reflect a new search term. When you open a parameter query, Access will prompt you for a search term and then show you query results that reflect your search.
What is the example of parameter?
A parameter is used to describe the entire population being studied. For example, we want to know the average length of a butterfly. This is a parameter because it is states something about the entire population of butterflies.
What is Oracle Spfile?
A SPFILE, Server Parameter File, is a server managed binary file that Oracle uses to hold persistent initialization parameters. Since the database uses this file during startup all parameter changes persist between shutdowns. A SPFILE is created from a PFILE using one of the following commands.
What is subprogram in DBMS?
Subprograms are named PL/SQL blocks that can be called with a set of parameters. PL/SQL has two types of subprograms, procedures and functions. Generally, you use a procedure to perform an action and a function to compute a value.
What is no copy in Oracle?
The NOCOPY hint tells the PL/SQL compiler to pass OUT and IN OUT parameters by reference, rather than by value.
What is difference between Pfile and Spfile?
SPFILE is a binary file that contains the same information as the old PFILE. SPFILE permits dynamic changes without requiring you to restart that instance. If you choose to use the traditional text initialization parameter file (PFILE), you must specify the PFILE clause when issuing the STARTUP command.
What is initialization parameter file?
An initialization parameter file is a text file that contains a list of initialization parameters. The file should be written in the client’s default character set. Sample initialization parameter files are provided on the Oracle distribution medium for each operating system.
How do you use lexical parameters in Oracle Reports?
You can use lexical references to replace the clauses appearing after SELECT, FROM, WHERE, GROUP BY, ORDER BY, HAVING, CONNECT BY, and START WITH. You cannot make lexical references in a PL/SQL statement.
What is a parameter query in Excel?
When you query data in Excel, you might want to use an input value – a parameter – to specify something about the query. To do this, you create a parameter query in Microsoft Query: A parameter is part of the query it modifies, and cannot be reused in other queries.
What is a parameter criteria?
A parameter query is one where, the user supplies criteria with which to filter the results. When you run a normal query, it will return its results as soon as you run it. When you run a parameter query, it asks you to enter a value.
Is sample mean a parameter?
Parameters are descriptive measures of an entire population. For example, the point estimate of population mean (the parameter) is the sample mean (the parameter estimate). Confidence intervals are a range of values likely to contain the population parameter.
What is a parameter in code?
In computer programming, a parameter or a formal argument is a special kind of variable used in a subroutine to refer to one of the pieces of data provided as input to the subroutine. See the Parameters and arguments section for more information.
How do I use Spfile?
Use the CREATE SPFILE statement to create a server parameter file from a client-side initialization parameter file. Server parameter files are binary files that exist only on the server and are called from client locations to start up the database.
How do I find my Spfile?
The SPFILE file name is spfile SID . ora and is located in the ORACLE_HOME database directory.
Which subprograms can use parameters?
The three parameter modes, IN (the default), OUT , and IN OUT , can be used with any subprogram. However, avoid using the OUT and IN OUT modes with functions.
What triggers SQL?
A SQL trigger is a database object which fires when an event occurs in a database. We can execute a SQL query that will “do something” in a database when a change occurs on a database table such as a record is inserted or updated or deleted. For example, a trigger can be set on a record insert in a database table.
What is difference between function and procedure in Oracle?
The difference is- A function must return a value (of any type) by default definition of it, whereas in case of a procedure you need to use parameters like OUT or IN OUT parameters to get the results. You can use a function in a normal SQL where as you cannot use a procedure in SQL statements.
What are Oracle SQL hints?
Hints provide a mechanism to instruct the optimizer to choose a certain query execution plan based on the specific criteria. For example, you might know that a certain index is more selective for certain queries. Based on this information, you might be able to choose a more efficient execution plan than the optimizer.
What is Oracle performance tuning?
What is Oracle Performance Tuning? Performance tuning is the process of administering a database to improve performance. Performance tuning in Oracle databases includes optimizing SQL statements and query execution plans so that the requests can be completed more efficiently.
What is Pfile Spfile control in Oracle?
pfile is text file, spfile is binary file. You can edit pfile by your editor but do not change parameter online, spfile is the opposite.
Can we edit Spfile in Oracle?
Actually the only way to edit a SPFILE is through an online database.